Journal of Dental Implants
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Year : 2018  |  Volume : 8  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 69-76

Factors influencing implant stability

Department of Periodontics, Dr. Syamala Reddy Dental College, Hospital and Research Centre, Bengaluru, Karnataka, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. K Vidya Hiranmayi
Senior Lecturer, Department of Periodontics, Dr. Syamala Reddy Dental College, Hospital and Research Centre, Bangalore, Karnataka
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/jdi.jdi_14_18

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Implant stability reflects implant osseointegration in that it requires certain objectives to be met during implant installation and healing. The main determinants of implant stability are the mechanical properties of bone tissue at implant site irrespective of how well the implant is engaged with bone tissue. Stability can be classified into two types as follows: primary stability that is measured immediately after implant placement, secondary stability which is measured after the healing of bone around the implant. Primary stability is a mechanical phenomenon, whereas secondary stability occurs through a cascade of events, such as bone deposition and remodeling at the bone implant interface. Many factors influence the primary and secondary stabilities of the implants which include implant design, implant surface topography, bone quality, and patient-related factors. Hence, it is essential to comprehend the multitude of factors that persuade the implant stability and to analyze the outcome of implant therapy.

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