Journal of Dental Implants
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Year : 2014  |  Volume : 4  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 44-47

From maxilla to zygoma: A review on zygomatic implants

Department of Prosthodontics, Government Dental College and Research Institute, Victoria Hospital Campus, Fort, Bengaluru, Karnataka, India

Correspondence Address:
Richa Vashisht
Government Dental College and Research Institute, Victoria Hospital Campus, Fort, Bengaluru - 560 002, Karnataka
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/0974-6781.130973

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Purpose: Patients with moderate to severe atrophy challenge the surgeon to discover alternative ways to use existing bone or resort to augmenting the patient with autogenous or alloplastic bone materials. The objective of the following study was to review the published literature to evaluate treatment success with zygomatic implants in patients with atrophic posterior maxilla. Study Selection: Medline/PubMed searches were conducted using the terms atrophic maxilla, zygomatic implant, zygomatic bone, grafts, maxillary sinus, as well as combinations of these and related terms. The few articles judged to be relevant were reviewed. Results: Based on the current literature review, zygomatic implants show excellent survival rates (>90%) and a low incidence of complications. Conclusion: With proper case selection, correct indication and knowledge of the surgical technique, the use of zygomatic implants associated with standard implants offers advantages in the rehabilitation of severely resorbed maxillae, especially in areas with inadequate bone quality and volume, without needing an additional bone grafting surgery, wherefore shortening or avoiding hospital stay and reducing surgical morbidity.

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