Journal of Dental Implants
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Year : 2014  |  Volume : 4  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 38-43

A retrospective clinical study of implant-retained prosthetic partial dentures: A follow up investigation

Department of Periodontology and Oral Implantology, Faculty of Dentistry, Nancy, France

Correspondence Address:
David Joseph
Faculté d'Odontologie, 96 Avenue de Lattre de Tassigny BP 50208 54004, Nancy
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/0974-6781.130970

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Aim: To evaluate the 5-year follow up of implants placed in partially edentulous patients restored with removable partial dentures. Materials and Methods: In this retrospective study, survival rates and clinical outcomes of implants placed for retention of removable partial dentures in 36 partially edentulous patients were observed. Results: The survival rate of the implants after a 5-year follow up was 98%. The clinical mean scores for plaque, calculus, gingivitis and bleeding were very low at all evaluation periods. Significant differences between results at successive time periods can be observed only between the plaque index at 1 year and the plaque index at 5 years. Peri-implant probing demonstrated a deepening of pockets over time. However, the changes were not statistically significant between the two evaluation periods. During the first year of function an average attachment loss of 0.4 mm was observed. During the next 4 years the average progression of PPD was about 0.1 mm per year. Conclusion: After 5 years, implants retaining removable partial dentures showed good survival rates and clinical stability. Using implants is a good solution to improve the satisfaction of patients with removable partial dentures; nonetheless this prosthetic solution demands strict surveillance of the patient and is time consuming for the clinician.

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